Dental X-ray, jaw imaging, panoramic radiography, CBCT (Cone Beam Computed Tomography), and cephalometry are various diagnostic methods in dentistry and oral surgery used to assess oral health and diagnose various dental issues. Here is some information about each of these techniques, their indications, and the needs for their use:

  1. Dental X-ray: Dental X-ray is the fundamental diagnostic technique in dentistry. It is used to examine teeth, jawbones, and surrounding tissues. Indications for dental X-rays include assessing cavities, identifying infections, monitoring the growth and development of teeth in children, examining jawbone before oral surgery or wisdom teeth extraction, and other dental issues.
  2. Jaw Imaging (Panoramic Radiography): Panoramic radiography, also known as orthopantomography or orthopan, provides a panoramic view of all teeth in both jaws and surrounding structures. It is used for diagnosing problems with teeth and jawbones, sinuses, as well as for planning orthodontic treatment or oral surgery.
  3. CBCT (Cone Beam Computed Tomography): CBCT is an advanced X-ray technique that provides a three-dimensional view of the jaw and surrounding structures. This technique is used for precise diagnosis and planning of oral surgery, implantology, orthodontics, and for assessing complex dental issues.
  4. Cephalometry: Cephalometry is a method for measuring the depth of dental pockets and the level of gum attachment to the tooth. It is used to assess oral health, particularly in cases of periodontal diseases like periodontitis.

The need for these diagnostic methods varies depending on the patient and specific dental issues. The dentist will determine which technique to use based on the patient’s symptoms, medical history, and clinical examination. For example, if there is suspicion of a jawbone infection, CBCT can provide a more detailed insight than a regular dental X-ray. Orthodontists use panoramic radiography or cephalometry for planning therapy in patients with malocclusion problems.

It is important to note that these X-ray techniques are used with the aim of minimizing patient exposure to radiation, and healthcare professionals apply all necessary protective measures. Patients should be informed about the purpose and safety of these diagnostic procedures in order to make decisions about their oral health care.